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Mount Agung Eruption Could Reverse Global Warming

Mount+Agung+as+of+November+2017.
Mount Agung as of November 2017.

Mount Agung as of November 2017.

Wikimedia commons

Wikimedia commons

Mount Agung as of November 2017.

Coral Aman, Staff Writer

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Last weekend, Mount Agung, located on the Indonesian island of Bali, erupted. Thousands of travelers became trapped on the island and many others fled their homes to escape the danger. Although this disaster was threatening and an inconvenience, scientists are predicting that the entire world could benefit from this one specific eruption.

As Mount Agung erupted, the volcano emitted immense amounts of ash and other debris. Originally, this was only expected to contribute to the Earth’s rising temperatures. However, a group of scientists believe that the chemical sulfur dioxide has the possibility of reducing global temperatures for years.

Mount Agung released particles four miles into the air, including the compound sulfur dioxide. Experts claim that the eruption could cause a large amount of sulfur dioxide to enter the stratosphere. According to NASA, “if these conditions are met, the eruption cools the surface/troposphere and warms the stratosphere, the opposite of both patterns associated with CO2 increases.” In the stratosphere, the sulfur dioxide forms water droplets that reflect sunlight away from the earth, and this reduces temperatures.

The last eruption of Mount Agung was in 1963, and this caused global temperatures to reduce by .2 degrees Celsius for a year. Scientists are anticipating a similar pattern with this recent eruption. Models suggest that the eruption has the potential to cool the Earth by two degrees Celsius until as late as 2023.

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The Official Student News of Green Hope High School
Mount Agung Eruption Could Reverse Global Warming